Motherís Health Awareness and Nutritional Status of Children in Khartoum State-SudanAfaf T. Mahgoub1, Mofida Y. Elkhalifa1, Khalil A. Medani2, Wisal M. Abdalla1
1Department of Traditional Medicine, Medicinal and Aromatic Plant and Traditional Medicine Research Institute, National Center for Research, Sudan.
2Department of Economics and Social Studies, Faculty of Commerce, Nilain University, Sudan.
The main objectives of the study are to investigate the relation between socioeconomic factors and motherís health awareness, and the impact of mother's awareness on her childrenís health.Keywords: Nutrition status, health education, motherís awareness, infectious diseases.
Comparative approach was made between three different socioeconomic strata. Sample size was 400 families, the main respondent was mother. Different quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection were used (questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, and observations). Likert scale was also used to measure mothersí awareness. Anthropometric measurement and prevalence of diseases of under Ėten years old children were both used to determine children health status. The study found that family income was the strongest factor affecting motherís health awareness (P=0.000), also motherís education and age are influencing factors. Accordingly, the children of the first class area were found to be healthier than the two other areas; the mean Z-score is (0.01). Moreover, motherís health awareness leads to decrease the prevalence of malaria and pneumonia. Therefore, intervention health awareness programmes towards mothers are needed to improve childrenís health (e.g. nutrition, personal hygiene and home sanitation). The government must also give more attention to the adoption of new policies for improving the general standard of living.
Afaf T. Mahgoub, Mofida Y. Elkhalifa, Khalil A. Medani, Wisal M. Abdalla. Motherís Health Awareness and Nutritional Status of Children in Khartoum State-Sudan. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2014; 22(2): 61-68
Corresponding Author: Afaf T. Mahgoub, Sudan