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Volume : 27 Issue : 1 Year : 2019
 
Serum Electrolytes and Calcium Status In Nigerian Patients with Essential Hypertension [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1991; 4(3): 253-256

Serum Electrolytes and Calcium Status In Nigerian Patients with Essential Hypertension

A. S. M. Giasuddin, C. O. Adesanya, H. S. Isah
From Departments of Immunology, Medicine and Chemical Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Serum electrolytes and calcium levels (mmol/L) were investigated in Nigerian patients with essential hypertension. The N2+ and Cl- levels were within the normal ranges and no significant differences were observed between the control subjects and hypertensive patients. No significant difference was observed for serum Ca++ level also between the two groups of subjects. Mean serum K+ level was significantly higher in patients compared to controls (5.40.8, 4.50.5, p<0.01), but it was not much different from the upper limit of the normal value for this population (5.0 mmol/L). The mean value of serum Mg++ level for the hypertensives was higher than that of the control subjects (0.840.04, 0.760.09, p<0.01). However, the mean levels of Mg++ in both the groups of subjects were within the normal range. These observations suggest that subclinical renal defects in handling K+ and Mg++ may exist in these patients with essential hypertension.

Keywords: Hypertension, electrolytes, calcium, magnesium.


A. S. M. Giasuddin, C. O. Adesanya, H. S. Isah. Serum Electrolytes and Calcium Status In Nigerian Patients with Essential Hypertension. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1991; 4(3): 253-256

Corresponding Author: A. S. M. Giasuddin, Libya


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