ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
Volume : 26 Issue : 3 Year : 2018
The Vegetation and Habitat Types of Baha Plateau (Saudi Arabia) [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1992; 5(4): 256-264

The Vegetation and Habitat Types of Baha Plateau (Saudi Arabia)

Z. A. R. El-Karemy, K. M. Zayed
From Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Cairo University, Egypt.

The present study deals with the vegetation of Baha plateau (1950'-2018' N, 4138'-4210'E), with elevation ranging between 1700 and 2400 m. Ten plant communities are recorded: communities dominated by trees (Acacia negrii and Juniperus excelsa); communities dominated by shrubs and under shrubs (Acacia tortilis, Olea europaea, Dodonaea viscosa, Pulicaria crispa, Rumex limoniastrum and Astragalus atropilosus); communities dominated by grasses (Hyparrhenia hirta) and a community dominated by ephemerals (Achillea biebersteinii-Cardaria draba). 167 species of vascular plants are recorded. Relations between communities and their habitat types as well as the human impact in the area are briefly discussed.

Keywords: Vegetation, habitat, acacia, junipers, ephemerals.

Z. A. R. El-Karemy, K. M. Zayed. The Vegetation and Habitat Types of Baha Plateau (Saudi Arabia). Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1992; 5(4): 256-264

Corresponding Author: Z. A. R. El-Karemy, Egypt

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