Clinical Update and Treatment of Lactation InsufficiencyArshiya Sultana1, Khaleeq Ur Rahman2, Manjula S. Ms3
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Institute of Unani Medicine, PG Institute of Research, Bangalore - Karnataka, India.
2Department of Pharmacy, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore - Karnataka, India.
3Department of ENT, State Govt Unani Medical College, Bangalore - Karnataka, India.
Lactation is beneficial to motherís health as well as provides specific nourishments, growth, and development to the baby. Hence, it is a natureís precious gift for the infant; however, lactation insufficiency is one of the explanations mentioned most often by women throughout the world for the early discontinuation of breastfeeding and/or for the introduction of supplementary bottles. Globally, lactation insufficiency is a public healthKeywords: Lactation insufficiency, lactation, galactagogue, breast-feeding
concern, as the use of breast milk substitutes increases the risk of morbidity and mortality among infants in developing countries, and these supplements are the most common cause of malnutrition. The incidence has been estimated to range from 23% to 63% during the first 4 months after delivery. The present article provides a literary search in English language of incidence, etiopathogensis, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and current update on treatment of lactation insufficiency from different sources such as reference books, Medline, Pubmed, other Web sites, etc. Non-breast-fed infant are 14 times more likely to die due to diarrhea, 3 times more likely to die of respiratory infection, and twice as likely to die of other infections than an exclusively breast-fed child. Therefore, lactation insufficiency should be tackled in appropriate manner.
Arshiya Sultana, Khaleeq Ur Rahman, Manjula S. Ms. Clinical Update and Treatment of Lactation Insufficiency. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2013; 21(1): 19-28
Corresponding Author: Arshiya Sultana, India