ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
 
             
 
Volume : 25 Issue : 4 Year : 2017
 
Determination of the relationship between respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength and grip strength of elite athletes [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2017; 25(4): 118-124 | DOI: 10.5505/ias.2017.37167  

Determination of the relationship between respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength and grip strength of elite athletes

Tuğba Kocahan1, Bihter Akınoğlu2, Oğuzhan Mete2, Adnan Hasanoğlu1
1The Ministry of Youth and Sports, Sports General Directorship, Department of Health Services, Center of Athlete Training and Health Research, Ankara, Turkey.
2Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.

Functional, physical, and physiological characteristics of the athletes are the factors that affect the sports performance. Grip strength, respiratory function, and respiratory muscle strength have an effect on the sports performance of the athletes. This study aimed to determine the relationship between respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength and grip strength, which are effective in sports performance of the athletes.
This study included 61 elite national team athletes (age: 20.63 ± 3.08 years; height: 172.26 ± 8.84 cm; body weight: 71.65 ± 14.28 kg; body mass index: 23.82 ± 3.33 kg/m²; sport age: 8.61 ± 4.34 years). Respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength were assessed using a digital spirometer, and hand strength was assessed by a hand dynamometer. The relationship between respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength and grip strength of the athletes was analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient.
At the end of the study, it was found that forced vital capacity, 1-s forced expiratory volume (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) values were associated with grip strength (r: 0.302/0.678, P < 0.05).
In elite athletes, respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength were found to be related to grip strength. In the light of these results, it can be interpreted that the muscle strength of athletes develops parallel to respiratory muscle strength and respiratory function. Therefore, it is believed that exercises for increasing respiratory function and respiratory muscle strengths should be included in athletes' training programs to increase muscle strength, which is important in sports performance of athletes.

Keywords: Athlete, grip strength, muscle strength, respiratory muscle strength, respiratory function test.


Tuğba Kocahan, Bihter Akınoğlu, Oğuzhan Mete, Adnan Hasanoğlu. Determination of the relationship between respiratory function and respiratory muscle strength and grip strength of elite athletes. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2017; 25(4): 118-124

Corresponding Author: Bihter Akınoğlu, Türkiye


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