ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
 
             
 
Volume : 25 Issue : 1 Year : 2017
 
Appraisal of Tipu Sultanís Contributions towards Development of Unani Medicine: A Critical Analysis [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. Ahead of Print: IAS-93206 | DOI: 10.5505/ias.2017.93206  

Appraisal of Tipu Sultanís Contributions towards Development of Unani Medicine: A Critical Analysis

Mohd Akhtar Ali Akhtar1, Mohd Abu Bakar Mohd2, Mohammad Aslam Mohammad3, Mohd Khalid Mohd4, Abdul Aziz Faris5, Hamiduddin Hamiduddin Hamiduddin6
1MD Scholar, Department of Ilmul Saidla, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore
2MD Scholar, Department of Kulliyat, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore
3MD Scholar, Department of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore
4Research Associate, CCRIUM, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India
5Lecturer, Department Of Ilaj Bil-tadbeer, National Institute Of Unani Medicine, Bangalore
6Lecturer, Department Of Ilmul Saidla, National Institute Of Unani Medicine, Bangalore Karnataka, India

Unani system of medicine has enjoyed the status of being royal since antiquity, and more or less various rulers and governments has paid special attention towards its growth and development. In India, Tipu Sultan, highly cultured, intellectual, academician, physician, scholar and a great scientist, was one of them who played an important role in advancement of Unani medicine. He had an imperial Library located at Srirangapatna housing more than 2000 manuscripts of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, and Hindi, dealing with medicine, military science, music, Hadith, law, Sufism, history, philosophy, grammar, astrology, poetry and mathematics; out of which 62 books were related to medicine. He also possessed vast expertise in the treatment of various diseases which is inferred from his personal letters and communications. He not only showed interest in preserving Unani manuscripts but also mentioned about forty five books on the subject of medicine in his memoirs. The health system was highly sophisticated in his territory among his cotemporary kingdoms; moreover, physicians and surgeons were regularly inducted to serve the injured and wounded soldiers in every battalion. The present article judiciously inspects the contributions of Tipu Sultan towards the patronage and promotion of Unani medicine, especially in the southern part of India in 18th century.

Keywords: Tipu Sultan, Unani medicine, Srirangapatna, Imperial library; Manuscripts




Corresponding Author: Mohd Akhtar Ali Akhtar, India


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