ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
 
             
 
Volume : 27 Issue : 3 Year : 2019
 
Influence of Acute and Chronic Morphine or Stadol on The Secretion of Adrenocorticotrophin and its Hypothalamic Releasing Hormone in The Rat [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1994; 7(4): 205-210

Influence of Acute and Chronic Morphine or Stadol on The Secretion of Adrenocorticotrophin and its Hypothalamic Releasing Hormone in The Rat

Ezzat S. El-Daly
From Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, at Aswan, South Valley University, Egypt.

The effects of acute and chronic treatment with morphine and stadol on the functional activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system in the rat were studied by investigating their effects on the secretion of adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) by the pituitary gland and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) by the hypothalamus. Acute injection of morphine or stadol (3.5 mg/100 g body weight i. p.) caused a rise at 5 and 25 min followed by a fall at 90 and 120 min in the concentrations of ACTH in the plasma and adenohypophysis and in hypothalamic CRH content. It appears that, in the rat, the response of HPA system to acute morphine or stadol administration could change depending upon the time of courses. In addition chronic morphine or stadol administration (0.5 mg/100 g body weight i. p. daily) for a period of 7 days have little effect on plasma and adenohypophysis ACTH concentration and hypothalamic CRH content. This may indicate that drug tolerance might have developed. Conversely, repeated daily doses of morphine or stadol (2 mg/100 g body weight i. p.) for 7 days cause a significant lowering of plasma and pituitary ACTH concentrations and hypothalamic CRH content. These data suggest that the affect of both drugs is dose related. Overall, the present results are consistent with an increased release of pro-opiomelanocortin-derived peptides after acute morphine or stadol treatment for a short-term, and with a decreased release of these peptides in chronic treatment. However, the results indicate that morphine and stadol change HPA activity by acting on specific receptors in the hypothalamus and raise the possibility that opioid peptides and their receptors in the physiologically important in the control of the secretion of CRH.

Keywords: Morphine, stadol, ACTH, CRH


Ezzat S. El-Daly. Influence of Acute and Chronic Morphine or Stadol on The Secretion of Adrenocorticotrophin and its Hypothalamic Releasing Hormone in The Rat. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1994; 7(4): 205-210

Corresponding Author: Ezzat S. El-Daly, Egypt


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