ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
Volume : 30 Issue : 1 Year : 2023
Nutcracker syndrome with different clinical presentations in a young male population [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2018; 26(1): 1-5 | DOI: 10.5505/ias.2018.66674  

Nutcracker syndrome with different clinical presentations in a young male population

Özgür Albuz1, Gökhan Akkurt1, Sezgin Okçelik2, Selami İnce3, Barış Yaylak4
1Department of General Surgery, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Türkiye
2Department of Urology, Nevşehir State Hospital, Nevşehir, Türkiye
3Department of Radiology, Beytepe Murat Erdi Eker State Hospital, Ankara, Türkiye
4Department of Cardiology, Doctor Siyami Ersek and Chest, Heart and Vascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye

The nutcracker syndrome (NCS) depends on mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein. It has different clinical entities.
This study aimed to examine different clinical aspects of NCS.
This was a retrospective and descriptively designed study. The patients with abdominal pain, flank pain, or scrotal pain
admitted to the Urology and General Surgery outpatient clinic between January 2014 and May 2016 were reviewed. All
data were examined descriptively. Urologic and general surgical examinations were performed individually by a urologist
and a general surgeon. The abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography findings, blood pressure, white blood
cell count, bilirubin tests, and urine tests were recorded.
Patients with inconsistent diagnostic data or missing outcomes were excluded. Five patients were diagnosed with NCS
on scanning 134 patients. The mean age was 24 years (20–33 years). The first patient had left lower quadrant pain. The
second patient also had left lower quadrant pain with microscopic hematuria and a mild increase in the total bilirubin level
(1.84 mg/dL). The third patient presented left testicular pain and hypertension (160/100 mm Hg). Consequently, left side
varicocele was found on physical examination and Doppler ultrasound. The fourth patient had leukocytosis (11,900), a
mild increase in total bilirubin level (1.73 mg/dL), and left and right lower quadrant pain.
The radiological and laboratory entities must be taken into consideration with clinical findings for correct diagnosis
because NCS may have different symptoms.

Keywords: Nutcracker syndrome, mesoaortic compression, young people

Özgür Albuz, Gökhan Akkurt, Sezgin Okçelik, Selami İnce, Barış Yaylak. Nutcracker syndrome with different clinical presentations in a young male population. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2018; 26(1): 1-5

Corresponding Author: Gökhan Akkurt, Türkiye

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