ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
 
             
 
Volume : 27 Issue : 3 Year : 2019
 
Antibiogram and Multidrug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus Aureus (MDRSA) associated with Post Operative Wound Infections in Basrah Iraq [Med J Islamic World Acad Sci]
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2012; 20(2): 57-66

Antibiogram and Multidrug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus Aureus (MDRSA) associated with Post Operative Wound Infections in Basrah Iraq

Ihsan E.A. Alsaimary
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.

Fifty-two clinical samples collected from patients with postoperative wound infections in various age groups were examined for presence of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens in especially Staphylococcus aureus. The majority of samples were for age between 31 and 40 yrs (32.69%) followed by other age groups, while the lowest samples were taken from age group 1 to 10 yrs (5.76%) P<0.05. A total of 131 isolates were identified and the main causative agent was S. aureus (24 isolates 18.32%), while other bacterial types isolated from postoperative wounds were as follow: Escherichia coli 16 (12.21%), Klebsiella spp 11(8.39%), Enterobacter cloaeca 8 (6.1%), Proteus spp 7(5.34%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 20 (15.26%), Staphylococcusepidermidis 11 (8.39%), Staphylococcus saprophyticus 8 (6.1%), Staphylococcus xylosus 5 (3.81%), Viridance streptococci 10 (7.63%), Streptococcus pyogenes 7 (5.34%), and Enterococcus faecalis 4 (3.05%) P<0.01. Sixteen antibiotics were used to test the resistance of S. aureus. Penicillin G gave 100% resistance ratio for all of 24 tested isolates, while the highly affected antibiotic was cefotaxime that gave the lowest resistance percentage (16.66%). Other antibiotics had ranges of resistance between these limits P<0.01. S. aureus developed a resistance mode for at least eight antibiotics. The biggest percentage of resistance was for the resistance of four antibiotics (21.18%) P<0.01.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus MDRSA, postoperative wound infections.


Ihsan E.A. Alsaimary. Antibiogram and Multidrug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus Aureus (MDRSA) associated with Post Operative Wound Infections in Basrah Iraq. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 2012; 20(2): 57-66

Corresponding Author: Ihsan E.A. Alsaimary, Iraq


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