ISSN 2415-1297 (Online)   ISSN 2415-1300 (Print)
 
             
 
Volume : 27 Issue : 3 Year : 2019
 
Med J Islamic World Acad Sci: 19 (1)
Volume: 19  Issue: 1 - 2011
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
1.Ethical Concepts of Right to Life and Pre-Viability
M. Arif Akşit, Ömür Elçioğlu, Turgay Şener
Pages 3 - 8
Medical science mainly concerns the person as individual, and physicians are also aware for the civil privilege and her/his autonomy must be solely considered from all other aspects that will also a code of legal and or ethical concepts. Primary approaches must be consultation on humanity and health, before the medical advices and for protection and serving measures.
The concept must be perceived that, each individual is a model of human mankind, and also its physiological; mental and spiritual aspects, and social and cultural personality at the community is unique. The primum factual right is "Right to life". Thus, life is beginning from the conception have to accepted, and must be indicated that physician is also an advocate of embryo and fetus.

REVIEW ARTICLE
2.The Role of Fever in The Past and Present
A. Sahib El-Radhi
Pages 9 - 14
Over the past 40-50 years, intensive research has been carried out to investigate the role of fever. Although there is still debate whether fever is beneficial or harmful. There is evidence now indicates that the effects of fever are complex but overall beneficial. Accumulated data from extensive research suggest that fever has a protective role in promoting host defence against infection, rather than being a passive by-product. There is evidence that fever exerts an overall adverse effect on the growth of bacteria and some tumours, as well as on replication of viruses. It also enhances immunological processes.
Although scientific evidence does not support this practice, antipyretics are often prescribed automatically for children with fever whether the child is playful or apears toxic with significant discomfort due to fever. This current practice is widely accepted although gives the wrong impression to patients, parents and other health professionals that fever per-se is harmful and that antipyretics are needed. It is the underlying disease which we should be concerned about and not the fever per se. The presence of fever could be beneficial to the infected host.

3.The Anatomy of The Orbita Wall and The Preseptal Region: Basic View
Dündar Kaçar, Çağatay Barut
Pages 15 - 20
Orbita is a very important region as it is a frequent area of interest in plastic and reconstructive surgery for medical and cosmetic purposes. Detailed and accurate knowledge of anatomy of this region is crucial as the type of surgical procedure differs depending on the location of the pathology. Thus knowing the anatomy of the preseptal region and the orbita walls in details may help in choice of the operation technique of this region and provide better results.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
4.A Study of Rnase Enzymes in Saliva Samples from Women with Breast Tumors
Hathama R. Hasan, Yasser A.H. Al-Issa
Pages 21 - 26
RNase activities in saliva of 30 patients with breast benign tumors, 33 patients with breast malignant tumors and 25 healthy individuals were measured.
This study was devoted to the measurement of RNase activity (alkaline and acid) in saliva of control, benign and malignant groups. The results indicated the presence of a highly significant elevation (p<0.001) of these enzyme's activities in cancer groups in comparison with those of other groups. Upon conventional electrophoresis of the crude saliva samples of the above three studied groups, differences in the patterns of proteins and RNase activity were recognized.

5.Characteristics of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Libyan Healthy Peoples in Two Teaching Hospitals in Benghazi
M.A. Mohammad, M. Altayar, A.B. Toboli, A. Bakka
Pages 27 - 32
Helicobacter pylori (HP) is common in Libyan patients with chronic dyspeptic symptos. In healthy peoples, however, the picture is not well known. This study try to find answers on the prevalence rate in healthy individuals as well as the influence of age, gender, marital status, occupation, socioeconomic status, smoking and living condition is ascertained.
Six hundred and sixty two (662) subjects aged between 1-83 years were screened for serum anti- H. pylori IgG using a locally validated quantitative commercial EIA test system.
Seropositivity for (HP) was found in 71.4 % of all the recruited individuals. HP infection was acquired as early as one year of age and maintained through the whole individual life if kept untreated.
More than half (53.3 %) of children aged 1-12 years and most of middle age and elderly subjects (84.6 %) were seropositive. Multiple regression analysis revealed associations between HP seropositivity and marital status, education level, socioeconomic status, occupation, infrequent medication, and living conditions.
These data suggest that in a general population sample, living with a partner, low socioeconomic status, low education degree and poor living conditions associated with increased risk of H. pylori infection.

6.Role of Wheat Fortification with Zinc Compounds in Changes of Zinc Blood Level of Community
Shaker Salarilak
Pages 33 - 38
Bread is the main food of Iranian people. The consumption of bread supplies a significant portion of the protein (70%) and calories (20%) needed by body. Agricultural soil in Iran contains less than 0.7 milligram/kg of zinc, while in standard cases, soil should contains more than 1 milligram/kg. Studies revealed that the content of zinc in produced wheat in Iran's calcareous lands is less than 15 milligram/kg whereas American wheat contains 27 milligram/kg. Zinc deficiency mainly affects on different parts of body such as immunity and digestive systems. Zinc is most important on reproduction, skin health, behavioral nervous development, physical growth and body resistance against diseases. With regards to its vital role in body, zinc deficiency in soil and produce (e.g. corns) and consequently its deficiency in body, counts as one of the most important problems in the national nutritional programs. This study was carried out to assess the effect of soil fortification with zinc compounds in the level of zinc serum.
In the first stage, agriculture soil was fortified with values of 15 kg/hectare iron sexsothirin, 40 kg/hectare manganese sulfate and 50kg/hectare zinc sulfate. The value of zinc in consuming flour under intervention before and during the study was measured by atomic absorption machine through dry oxidation. A total of 1795 local people were selected from Urmia city, Iran and went under intervention. Blood sample were taken from 1% of the population before and after intervention, blood serum was separated and the value of zinc was measured with the use of UK Randox kit by auto analyzer machine Hitadin 704.This study has been carried out as a field trial study. Statistical analysis, in form of means, standar deviations with 95% confidence intervals with comparison between values before and after intervention were presented.
The mean blood serum zinc before and after intervention was 80.05, 109.73 microgram/deciliter blood respectively with 95% confidence interval (CI= 102.58, 116.89), considered to be significant (P=0.001). The mean serum zinc in women and men before intervention was 75.23, 87.92 respectively and difference between two groups was significant (p=0.028). The mean serum zinc after intervention in women and men was similar (110.39, 108.66 respectively with P=0.818). Differences between the mean serum level of zinc before and after intervention were significant for women (P=0.001) as well as for men (P=0.001).
These findings indicated that using zinc compounds as soil fortification led to improvement of zinc standards in wheat produce and causes to increase the level of zinc serum in all sex and age group of community with the use of enriched flour for 6 months continuously.

7.Family Perception and Delay in Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: An Iranian Experience
K. Sahfiei, GH. R. Ghassemi, J. Kazemzadeh
Pages 39 - 43
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among school age children. This syndrome is a combination of different symptoms, manifested in the form of attention deficit and the psychomotor hyperactivity. Families' knowledge about ADHD and attitude towards it varies. This study explored the manner in which Iranian families dealt with ADHD. The sample study comprised of 284 children aged 6 to 14 years old, with DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD, treated in a university clinic during the first semester of 2002. Data were analyzed using SPSS and running descriptive tests combined with focus group interview method. An overwhelming majority of children (80%) did not receive psychiatric help except two years after symptom formation. Most families (90%) considered these symptos as "mischievous acts" or natural behavioural stage of childhood development. The variations observed in families' attitude toward ADHD have been explained in the context of socio-economic and cultural differences existing among the families. In view of these observations, it is imperative to familiarize families with symptoms of ADHD so a timely utilization of mental health services can be attained.

CLINICAL IMAGE
8.Diagnosis of The Vein of Galen Aneurism with Colour Doppler in The Antenatal Period
İsmail Güzelmansur, Hanifi Bayaroğulları, Turgay Daplan, Ali Balcı
Pages 45 - 47
Vein of Galen malformation is rare but is the most common form of cerebrovascular malformation in neonates. Vein of Galen malformation may be diagnosed prenatally by colour doppler ultrasonograpy and mrg. Prenatal diagnosis is very important because fetus with this anomaly has a higher morbidity and mortality.

USES OF ERROR
9.Delayed Treatment of Distal Tibial Fracture Leading to Pseudoarthrosis: A Case Report
Mahmut N. Aytekin, Bülent A. Taşbaş, Mahmut Kömürcü
Pages 49 - 51
62 years old man with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and renal failure had a multidrugresistant skin infection with displaced distal tibia fracture. Conservative treatment was considered due to the infection. Although the infection resolved two weeks after treatment with antibiotics, surgical treatment has not been applied. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy and pseudoarthrosis has occurred on 5th months of the fracture. We think that the operation should have been done as soon as the infection resolved.



   
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